ASEAN Telecommunication 2020/06/17 (Vol.628)
ASEAN Telecommunication Japan-Southeast Asia Economic Exchange Magazine
➤Vietnam：Vietnamese fresh lychees allowed to be imported into Japan
➤Myanmar：Chinese cattle breeder invests in Myanmar, plans to export
➤Cambodia：Commerce Minister turns to Japan to improve local products
■Vietnam：Vietnamese fresh lychees allowed to be imported into Japan
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development said that Japan’s Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) has just sent a letter to announce that Japan officially opens doors for direct export of fresh lychees from Vietnam, effective from December 15.
This is the result of more than five years of negotiation efforts between the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam and the MAFF of Japan, along with several rigorous tests having been conducted in order to ensure thorough eradication of plant quarantine objects of Japan that might be carried by Vietnamese lychees.
Phytosanitary requirements for Vietnamese lychees exported to Japan include: lychees must be grown at orchards that are checked, supervised and granted codes by the Department of Plant Protection and meet regulations on plant quarantine and food safety of Japan; exported lychees must be packed and treated by fumigation using methyl bromide gas at facilities recognized by the Department of Plant Protection and the MAFF with a minimum dosage of 32 grams per cubic meter for two hours under supervision of Vietnamese and Japanese plant quarantine officers; batches of exported lychees must be attached with a phytosanitary certificate issued by the Department of Plant Protection.
The Department of Plant Protection will continue to cooperate with export enterprises and treatment facilities to urgently complete preparations and seek for import partners to export the first batch of fresh lychees to Japan in next lychee crop.
■Myanmar：Chinese cattle breeder invests in Myanmar, plans to export
The Myanmar Invest Commission (MIC) last month permitted China’s Kangrui Agriculture & Livestock Development Company to invest in the raising of cattle in Myanmar. The investment will involve an injection of US$37 million in funds. A breeding facility will be established in Mahlaing Township, Mandalay Region.
Kangrui Agriculture & Livestock Development Company, which is 90 percent owned by Shanghai Penghe Supply Chain Management and 10pc by Dehong Penghe Agriculture Development, will be the first wholly-owned Chinese outfit to invest in breeding cattle in Myanmar.
The cattle will be bred domestically and mainly exported to China, said U Thant Sin Lwin, Acting Director General of Directorate of Investment and Company Administration (DICA).
Investors are starting to take interest in the cattle business after the Ministry of Commerce in October 2017 officially permitted breeders to export Myanmar-bred cattle in an effort to control illegal exports. “Foreign investors see potential in this business,” said U Thant Sin Lwin.
Myanmar cattle are mainly exported to China via the Muse border trade gate, as well as to Thailand.
Of the 261 companies that applied for export permits from the government since late 2017, 94 that met requirements set out by the authorities have been selected.
The country has since exported nearly 500,000 cattle from December 2017 through April 2019.
According to the animal census conducted in May 2018, there were 1.8 million buffaloes and 9.7 million dairy and beef cattle in Myanmar.
In March though, traders told The Myanmar Times that some 5000 head of cattle were stuck in Muse as they were not able to get the necessary documentation from authorities from both sides of the border.
The MIC has also permitted Thailand’s wholly-owned CP Livestock to invest in three cattle businesses worth over US$78 million. These include investments in a pullet farm and pig breeding farm in Yangon as well as an animal feed facility in Mandalay.
So far, foreign investors in the livestock and fisheries sector have channeled funds totaling US$600 million towards expansion in Myanmar, according to DICA.
■Cambodia：Commerce Minister turns to Japan to improve local products
The Ministry of Commerce is seeking Japan’s help to improve products manufactured by small and medium enterprises in the Kingdom and bring them up to Japanese standards of quality.
Cambodian Commerce Minister Pan Sorasak yesterday met with Miyao Masahiro, president of the Japan External Trade Organisation (Jetro), and requested that they strengthen their cooperation with Cambodia to up the quality of locally made products that could be used to feed local demand or be exported to Japan.
“Cambodia needs Japanese investors to cooperate with local SMEs to develop high quality products with Japanese standards that can be sold at Aeon mall and also abroad,” the minister said.
Mr Sorasak added that his ministry continues to work to facilitate the operations of Japanese investors in the country.
In response to the minister’s request, Mr Masahiro pledged to promote business opportunities in Cambodia back home and to urge Japanese companies to invest in Cambodian SMEs.
Cambodian exports to Japan soared during the first three months of 2018, reaching $390 million, a 15 percent hike compared to last year. Imports from Japan declined by 1.7 percent to $87.3 million, widening the trade deficit with Japan, according to figures from Jetro.
With over 130 registered projects in banking, manufacturing, agriculture, service and infrastructure, among other sectors, Japanese investment in the kingdom was valued at $1.6 billion in 2017, according to the Council for the Development of Cambodia.
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